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role of women in contemporary Turkey is defined by an ongoing gender equality struggle, contributing elements of which include predicate conditions for EU membership candidacy, prevalent political tides that favour restrictive patriarchal models, and woman's rights activism.
Women in Turkey continue to be the victims of rape and honor killings; furthermore research by scholars indicate widespread domestic violence in Turkish population.
Discrimination based on gender is banned by the Turkish constitution.
The Turkish feminist movement began in the 19th century during the decline of the Ottoman Empire.
During the Turkish War of Independence, Kara Fatma a widow proved herself as a successful militia leader.
After the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923, the feminist movement gradually became part of the Kemalist modernization efforts.
One should keep in mind this is not the doing of religious beliefs rather it is in part due to certain laws and restrictions.
One reason that has decreased women attending University was in correlation to the Hijab ban.
With the Tanzimat reforms, improving women's conditions was considered as part of a wider modernisation effort. They fought to increase women's access to education and paid work, to abolish polygamy, and the peçe, an Islamic veil.
Writers and politicians such as Fatma Aliye Topuz, Nezihe Muhiddin and Halide Edip Adıvar also joined the movement.
In her novels, Halide Edip Adıvar criticised the low social status of Turkish women and what she saw as the lack of interest of most women in changing their situation.
It conducts a large variety of activities with the objective of protecting women's rights, of strengthening the position of women in social, economic, cultural and political life, and of providing the equal utilization of rights, opportunities and capacities.
Since the 1990s, feminist discourse has become institutionalized, with the foundation of women's studies centers and university programs at universities such as Marmara University or as Istanbul University.